It is said, that at times the Romans would manually flood the Colosseum to watch miniature naval battles in the theater. This form of entertainment was much loved by the people, because it was uncommon and unlike most of the other things they had seen. During Domitian’s reign, the amphitheater went through reconstruction. The naval battles eventually came to an end when the hypogeum was built. A series of rows were built to house animals and slaves, and also to increase the housing capacity of the Colosseum.
The amphitheater was built by the Flavian Empire as a gift to the people of Rome, so that they could enjoy themselves and participate in the practice of entertainment. It was also built to showcase Roman architecture all across the globe. Though the structure was built very sturdily, time has withered it many different ways. Earthquakes in Rome damaged the look of the theater and weakened it from many different parts. The respective earthquakes of 847 AD and 1231 AD, ill-affected this structure and devastated it, causing majority of the damage which we get to see today.
The amphitheater was built near the Nero’s park close to magnanimous Colossal statue. Hence the Flavian amphitheater was later renamed the Colosseum owing to its proximity with the Colosseum. More than 100, 000 cubic meters of travertine stone was used to build the walls of this structure, and it was sturdily held together will more than 300 ton of iron clasps. Around 2000 bullock carts were used to carry marbles to site of construction and around 100,000 cubic meters of marble was used in the building process.
9. The Colosseum was built without the use of mortar
The Colosseum is a masterpiece which wonderfully displayed the Roman craftsmanship. The structure is made of tufa and travertine stone which have been held together by iron clamps instead of mortar. The fact that the structure has survived so many natural calamities like earthquakes, storms, fire and lightening speaks volumes about the quality of the craftsmanship behind this colossal monument.
This Roman amphitheater was known for its gladiator games. The first games were held during 80 AD when Titus was the emperor of Rome; these games lasted for around 100 days. The very last games were held in 435 AD. Eventually, the games had to be stopped because it became really difficult and expensive to procure animals for the fights and moreover the gladiators too enjoyed expensive facilities which became difficult to maintain.