15 Greatest Historical and Archaeological Discoveries of All Times

9. Sacsayhuaman

Archaeological discoveries

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It’s an ancient walled complex at Machu Picchu. The construction was started by emperor Pachacuti in 1440 and took over a century to complete. The wall is made from various types of rocks including dark andesite, yucay limestones, and diorite blocks. The 600-metre long Sacsayhuaman wall has a zingzang structure, with each block weighing several hundreds of tons.

10. Gobekli Tepe

Historical discoveries

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Located in Turkey, the Gobekli Tepe is one of the oldest archaeological sites in the world. It’s a testimony to the artistic mastery of Stone Age people around 11,000 years ago. Limestone pillars weighing 15 to 22 tonnes were used in the construction, cut from massive blocks of rock. Excavations have revealed around 200 huge pillars. Gobekli Tepe is believed to be a place of religious gathering and offers an in-depth study of the Neolithic revolution.

11. Knossos

Archaeological discoveries

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This Bronze Age archaeological site was a major turning point in the reconstruction of Greek civilization nearly almost 4,000 years ago. Built in Crete, Knossos is mentioned in several ancient Roman texts. The site was rediscovered by archaeologists Minos Kalokairinos and Arthur Evans in 1878. It generated a fresh public interest to uncover the long believed legend of the Minotaur, courtesy a raging bull illustration at the entrance.

12. Hagar Qim

Archaeological finds

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While the oldest Egyptian pyramids date back to 2670BC, the Hagar Qim Megalithic temples in Malta predates them easily by another 1000 years. The Hagar Qim dates to nearly 3600-3200BC and these free-standing structures are part of the UNESCO world heritage site list. Constructed before the Stonehenge and other Neolithic structures, these temples were excavated in early 19th century.

13. Diquis Spheres

Recent archaeological discoveries

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Found in Costa Rica, these are perfectly round spheres, carved from stone and dates back to 600-1000AD. They belong to the Isthmo-Colombian era. They were discovered by some banana plantation workers in the 1930s. Some of the stones were damaged while trying to move them with bulldozers. Some were blown up with dynamites, hoping to get some hidden treasures.

14. Headless Vikings

Archaeological discoveries

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While digging a railway line in Dorset County, England, workers found a group of Viking warriors buried in the ground. None had any head. Archaeologists first thought that the remains were that of some villagers who survived a raid and took revenge. Closer inspections made things a little less clear. The beheadings appeared neat and carried out from the front. Many believe the headings to have been carried out by Anglo Saxons.

Also Read: 15 Interesting Facts about Great Pyramid of Giza

15. Marcahuasi

Archaeological discoveries

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It’s an Andes plateau located east of Lima. The adjoining area rises over Rimac River. Historian and amateur archaeologist Daniel Ruzo first discovered the site in 1952. He found hundreds of stone figures resembling animal and human faces, some over 90 feet tall. The most prominent formation was called Monument to Humanity because it shows the major human races. Not among the more publicized archaeological discoveries, the rock formations are still a mystery to the scientific world. Some claim that Marcahuasi was formed by natural erosion.