This is the age or yuga when humans led a life that had both goodness and evil in equal ratio or measure. Its also known as the Bronze Age and spanned over a period of 864,000 years. The people that lived in this yuga had a much lesser goodness in them and the intellectual aspect of their personalities was far less than in other stages. When the Dwapar Yuga reached its pinnacle, humans became over obsessed with their bodies and desires. They began to see the world as a materialistic place and dreamed only of pleasuring themselves. It was in this age that the great battle of Mahabharata was fought. People like Vidura and Bhisma lived in this yuga to imbibe intellectualism in people.
7. In Indian mythology, the last stage is called the Kali Yuga or the Iron Age
The present age that we are living in is Kali Yuga, the last of the stages of the Maha Yuga. It keeps repeating in cycles and is called the Iron Age when people’s lives are governed only by hatred, sins and lack of conscience. In this age, humans live ficklemindedly, have bodies that are the weakest, and a mind that is devoid of any intellect. The maximum that a man can live in this yuga is 120 years at the most with heights measuring just 3.5 cubits. If one were to read the ancient Hindu scripts, it would come to their knowledge that the Kali Yuga has already finished 5000 years of existence and when it reaches its decline, man too would cease to exist. Kali Yuga is the darkest period for humankind as every action of man is determined by materialism.
8. There are different theories on the origin of the Hindu religion
Not one person, sect or belief gave rise to this great religion we all know as Hinduism. In-fact, it arose or took birth from a vast collection of traditions, beliefs, viewpoints and philosophies. Hinduism has arisen out of many theories and sacred writings by sages. The original Hindu traditions could be traced back to 5500 BCE when people followed customs that were similar to the present day Hindu religious practices.
Around 200 BCE, the epic of Mahabharata was written and this epic throws light on many traditions and customs that are similar with today’s Hindu practices. We know about this by reading Bhagavad Gita. It was the Mughal Dynasty that founded the term Hindu and the religion came to be known widely only in the 19th-20th century.
9. In Hindu Mythology, there are 330 million gods and goddesses
The ancient Hindu texts speak of not hundreds, thousands but almost 330 million gods and goddesses, each of which are associated with a special power. This multiple deity worshiping is a regular practice for all Hindus that have designated different roles for different gods and goddesses. Each of the divine beings represents a particular symbol of life or death. According to the Vedas, there are in total 33 main deities that are worshiped. It was only during the period of Upanishads that people came to believe in 330 million divinities. Most people following Hinduism worship the main god or goddess along with their many avatars or reincarnations.
The history of curses is rather intriguing in Hindu mythology which mentions about quite a few. For example, the curse of Yudhisthara is very unique. This curse is mentioned in Mahabharata. When Karna, ‘sudaputra’ was killed by the Pandavas and Yudhisthara came to know that the latter was his brother, he cursed that no woman on this earth would be able to keep secrets from anyone. He was saddened by his mother kunti’s non disclosure about Karna. The curse of Gandhari is also spoken off in Mahabharata. After Krishna had killed the 100 sons of Gandhari, he approached to console a grieving Gandhari. An enraged Gandhari cursed Krishna that no one from his bloodline would ever live to continue his dynasty.