One of Austria’s oldest castles is the beautiful Hohensalzburg Castle, also called High Salzburg Fortress in German. An 11th century castle, it is perched on a mountainous terrain in Salsburg and spans 250 meters in length, and has a unique thing about it – it has never been captured or attacked. Counted as one of the biggest medieval castles in the whole of Europe, it attracts a large chunk of tourist population all year round. Hohensalzburg Castle is built in such a way that it offers a panoramic view of the city of Salzburg which it overlooks.
Another prominent castle to feature on today’s list is Pakistan’s Noor Mahal, a 19th century palace that offers you a visual extravaganza where West meets the East quite impeccably. Built in 1872 in Bahawalpur by Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan IV, the palace resembles a European Chateau, and was the creation of Mr. Heenan, an Englishman. Covering an area of 44,600 square feet, Noor Mahal boasts of a perfect blend of Islamic and Corinthian architectural styles which we see in its various pediments, domes, columns and balustrade.
Looking like a ship’s bow, the Segovia Castle is a gem of Spain and is built entirely out of stone. The castle is perched atop a rugged rocky hill and looks imposing. Segovia Castle was constructed in the 12th century and was originally a fortress. Later it was converted to be used as a palace by royalty. The castle is widely known as The Alcazar of Segovia and since its inception as a palace, it has also been used as a prison and a military academy.
One of Istanbul’s biggest castles to attract hoards of visitors, both domestic as well as foreign, the Topkapi Palace is a jewel of Turkey and offers breathtaking views of the Golden Horn Waterway, the Bosphorous Strait and the Sea of Marmara. The palace is one of the most popular sites in Istanbul and was built by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II. The construction process took almost 12 years since it began in 1466. Since 400 years, Topkapi has been resided by Sultans of the great Ottoman Empire who made it their political center till the construction of the Dolmabahce Palace finished. Turkish people call this palace as the Gate of Cannons owing to the gargantuan cannons placed at the entrance of its gates.
The 9th century Prague Castle is one of the oldest castles in the world and is also one of the largest. As per valid accounts, the castle was built by Prince Borivoj around 880. The prince belonged to the Premyslid Dynasty and the castle spans 570 meters in length while it is 130 meters in breadth. It is a World Heritage Site declared by UNESCO and consists of groups of palaces and buildings depicting flavors of various styles of architecture. Once you enter the castle, you would be surprised to find stunning hints of Gothic architecture coupled with Romanesque style as well.