15 Interesting Facts About Genghis Khan and Mongol

6. Mongols never spilled noble blood over the battle field

Genghis Khan Biography

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Mongols had a rule that they followed diligently-they never killed a king or noble that would spill their blood on the ground. But…hold on…they didn’t spare him either. They showed their ruthlessness by snapping the victims’s backbones by bending them. They adopted other savage methods to kill the nobles, like, pouring liquid silver into the eyes and ears and by encapsulating them in carpets, and trampling them by the cavalry. One such instance that is rumored to have happened was the brutal killing of the Sultan of Persia and his family. Once the Mongols had invaded China, they captured Russia and Persia, thereafter they went on to capture Baghdad. After the conquest of Baghdad, the Sultan along with his family members were wrapped up in a huge rug and then were trampled by the cavalry. The other gory instance includes the killing of injured Russian princes and generals by placing huge wooden planks over them and crushing them slowly while the Mongols ate their dinner and celebrated their victory.

7. Very little is known about Genghis Khan’s appearance

Genghis Khan Biography

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There is negligible amount of information relating to his appearance in Genghis Khan biography if one were to read it. Genghis Khan was not in favor of getting himself painted. That’s why there are no definitive portraits of him that can offer us a glimpse as to how he looked, though, many modern age paintings have surfaced and have given us different forms of this sadistic warrior. In most paintings, Khan is always shown as a tall built man of robust stature, donning a flowing beard and long hair. His eyes have the Mongol chink to them. But, a 14th century Persian archivist Rashid al-Din portrayed Khan in a monstrous way. He has been shown as a man with green eyes and red hair.

8. The archer who shot at Genghis Khan’s neck was spared and became a general in Khan’s army

Genghis Khan Biography

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The famed General Jebe meaning ‘arrow’ was the find of Genghis Khan in a chance encounter. The general wasn’t always a man of huge stature. He, in fact was the person who had shot Khan in his neck in a battle with the Taijut Tribesmen. It so happened that in the year 1201 Khan fought the tribe of Taijut in which he got injured by an arrow shot by the ‘would be general’. In order to cover up the fact that khan himself was injured, he thought of passing the buck on his horse, saying that his horse was injured by the arrow. Khan asked the defeated tribesmen as to who had wounded his horse. On this query, an archer came forward and claimed honestly that he had shot Genghis khan and not his horse. Hearing this honest reply, Khan immediately spared the life of the archer and inducted him to his army. He was impressed with the archer’s high self esteem and boldness when he refused to beg for mercy and said that if Khan spared his life, he would serve him for the rest of his life. This archer later went on to become Genghis Khan’s most trusted general and was fondly given the name ‘Jebe’, the greatest Mongolain field commander who marched shoulder to shoulder with the famous General Subutai in khan’s army.

9. The Mughal Emperors were the direct descendants of Genghis Khan

Genghis Khan Descendants

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The information chronicled in various accounts displaying Genghis Khan facts often tells us one point and it is not a fiction but the truth- the descendants. Who were the direct descendants of this savage warrior? Well, it were the mighty Mughals that can be regarded as Genghis Khan descendants to have had a direct relationship with the Mongol warrior. The Mughals belonged to the Timurid Dynasty. Babur founded the Mughal Empire and had Mongoloid blood in his veins. On his paternal side, he was related to Timur, while from his maternal side, he was a blood relative of Chagatai who was Genghis Khan’s second son. When Babur turned 14, he was driven out by Uzbek Khan from Central Asia, only to arrive in the Indian subcontinent. Prince Babur first invaded Kabul and then from there, he marched towards India, passing through Khyber Pass. In the battle of Panipat of 1526, he defeated the last sultans of the Lodi Empire and took the reigns of Northern India.

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10. He always offered other empires a chance to submit before wreaking havoc on them

Facts About Genghis Khan

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The Great Mongol warrior always offered a chance to other kingdoms or empires to submit peacefully before him. But, he also didn’t leave anyone who dared to go the other way. Khan had a taste for settling scores brutally. All the resistance was met savagely and in the most gruesome of ways to shudder you all. There are many instances to show the brutality of this maniac warrior like the score he settled with the Shah of Khwarezmid Empire. In 1219, Khan and the Shah entered into a trade agreement wherein both the empires could trade goods along the Silk Road without any resistance from either party. But, the Shah back stabbed Genghis Khan by breaking this treaty and murdering Khan’s first envoys. This infuriated Genghis and as we know, he never spared those who betrayed him. He ordered his army to attack the territories of the Shah and this led to the death of at least millions of people. This led to the fall of the Shah but Khan didn’t stop his ravage here. He went on to declare a war on the Tangut Empire of Xi Xia and then executed the whole of Tangut Royal Family. This clan had rebelled against Genghis who left no one alive to see the light of the day.