Among the two A-bombs, the Fat Man was a more powerful and sinister nuclear bomb. However, when it was dropped on Nagasaki, it resulted in lesser devastation and death compared to the Little Boy. The Fat Man killed 80,000 people while the latter caused the deaths totaling to almost 166,000 in number. While, the Little Boy was dropped with precision and it hit the targeted areas perfectly, the Fat Man missed its focus point, leading to destruction limited only to Urakami Valley and the surrounding hills.
12. Gingko Biloba or the Maidenhair Tree survived the bombing
When the bomb on Hiroshima was dropped on 6th August, killing several thousand people, there were several trees and animal species surviving in their habitats. None of them survived the bombing with the only exception of the Gingko Biloba Tree, aka, the Maidenhair Tree. The trees numbering in six survived only due to their strong resilience. Today, we can see these trees located each at Housenbou, Shukkeien Garden, Josei-Ji Temple, Myojoin-ji Temple, Senda Elementary School and Anraku-ji Temple.
13. Thermal radiation caused weird injuries on the bodies of people
The atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki caused thousands to die. But those that remained alive had to face horrible and weird burns and injuries never seen before. The massive radiation emitted by these bombs caused such burns that got engraved on the skins of people deeply. These burn marks resembled the clothing people wore during the blasts. For example, if someone was wearing a kimono, the stripes and patterns got engraved onto their skins because of high intensity and heat.
14. Enola Gay, the carrier of the A-bomb also carried 12 cyanide pills
The aircraft carrying the atomic bombs – Enola Gay, also carried cyanide pills numbering 12. There were instructions that the pilots and crew would consume these pills in case the mission failed. These instructions were to be strictly followed. The pills were stored in the cockpit of Enola Gay.
Before embarking on the mission, the captain in charge named Parsons instructed the crew of Enola Gay to assemble the atomic bomb on the flight. Since there was a chance that the bomb could explode on the base and cause massive destruction to the forces, the captain took this decision. So, the Enola Gay crew were to arm the A-bomb that hung from a hook of the plane in flight. It was a risky affair but the whole mission was carried on successfully.
The memories of Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings will never fade from the history of this world. Be sure to check out this post and stay tuned for more interesting stuff.