After the gruesome massacre happened on the day of Baisakhi and killed more than 1500 innocent people, the government appointed the Hunter Committee to enquire about the whole incident. It came under pressure as the massacre generated a huge public reaction, not just in India but also in England. The committee comprised of four members and it was presided over by their chairman-Lord Hunter. However, the Indian National Congress took measures to boycott the committee and appointed its own members who were famous lawyers and included names like Motilal Nehru, Abbas Tyabji, Mahatma Gandhi, Mr. Jayakar and CR Das. After the incident, Dyer was summoned to appear before the Hunter Commission that was ordered to start its enquiry by the then Secretary of State for India, Edwin Montagu.
12. The House of Lords presented Dyer with a jeweled sword with ‘Savior of the Punjab’ inscription on it
Dyer was responsible for the gruesome murder of innocent people that had gathered for celebrating Baisakhi on that fateful day at Jallianwala Bagh, but he happened to show no remorse for his act. Rather, he claimed in front of the Hunter Committee that though he knew about the gathering of people at the bagh, he did nothing to stop it. He said he did his duty and opened fire. After he was summoned by Montegu, he appeared before the commission and remained calm. Though this incident generated quite a strong response in England and India, the House of Lords showered praises on Dyer and presented him with a jeweled sword that was inscribed with tagline ‘Savior of the Punjab’. Apart from this, Dyer was also looked upon as a hero by fellow Englishmen that collected funds for him.
The whole massacre was a shameful act committed by Brigadier General Reginald Dyer who was the commanding officer of his troops that comprised of mostly non white people. The troops comprised of soldiers of Gurkha and Baluchi origins who marched on the orders of Dyer and killed 1500 people on the day of Baisakhi. On the day of the massacre, Dyer positioned himself and his two British officers and soldiers at the gate. Apart from these five white people, there was the rest of the non white troop. After shooting rampantly for 15 minutes, the whole troop along with the general and his officers left the park while the innocent victims breathed their last.
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre can be termed as India’s most shameful events that had a huge impact on the Indian freedom struggle movement, and we as Indians must know about our martyrs that laid their lives that day on 13th April 1919.