Jallianwala Bagh Massacre led to the start of many new events important in the history of India’s freedom struggle. It generated quite a flak from Indians all over and made the whole country speak of it openly and with disgust. Some noteworthy events after the happening of this massacre include Bhagat Singh’s transformation into an extremist. ‘Kabi Guru’ Rabindrabath Tagore, Bengal’s poet gave up his knighthood and Mahatma Gandhi returned his medal that was bestowed on him by the British – ‘Kaisar-i-Hind’. Motilal Nehru made a bonfire out of his England bought furniture and clothes. He was deeply hurt by this event which motivated him to start going the ‘Swadeshi’ way. Even Jinnah, a member of imperial legislature renounced his membership.
7. The British Raj released distorted reports on the number of people killed in the massacre
After the massacre had happened, it’s news reached England in December 1919 with the formation of the Hunter Committee. But the reports represented by the British Raj were much twisted. Instead of publishing the actual number of deaths that totaled to more than 1500, they projected the total deaths to 379 only.
As per their reports, 1100 people were grievously injured. However, the actual number of deaths were 1526 as reported bu Williams DeeMeddy. The British government passed an Indemnity Act for the sole purpose of protecting its officers. This act was passed just before the Hunter Committee could start its proceedings. As a result of this act, Dyer was given a clean chit but was suspended after he went back to Britain.
8. Michael Francis O’Dwyer was assassinated by a witness of the massacre as a revenge
Michael Francis O’Dwyer was the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab when the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy happened in 1919. He held this position from 1913 till 1919. In this massacre more than 1500 innocent people, including a baby were killed by firing. One among the people gathered there on that fateful day was Udham Singh, an activist of Indian freedom struggle. He witnessed the whole massacre but lived on to assassinate Dwyer as a mark of revenge. The Governor had only suspended Dyer but no strict action was taken against him. Therefore, Udham Singh, in retaliation shot O’Dwyer at a meeting of the East India Association in Caxton Hall in London. The day was March 13th 1940. He waited for 21 years to avenge the killings at Jallianwala Bagh. Dwyer died at the age of 75.
9. The Indian National Congress set up a trust to build a memorial at Jallianwala Bagh
A memorial was built in 1951 inside the Jallianwala Bagh as a remembrance of the innocent people that were mayhemed on the fateful day of April 13th, 1919 by the orders of General Reginald Dyer. But, before the memorial was built, the Indian National Congress took the initiative to set up a trust in 1920 as a symbol of respect to the people who lost their lives in the incident. Once the memorial was completed, its inauguration was done in 1961 by the President of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad. The architect who designed the memorial was an American named Benjamin Polk. A flame of honor was added as an extra feature at the park and now attracts hundreds of tourists.
The massacre happened because of one particular incident that happened between an English woman named Miss Marshella Sherwood and Indian mob. It happened once in 1919 that a British woman Marshella was attacked by a crowd of Indians who beat her up. She was saved, but the consequences of this act proved to be devastating for innocent civilians who had nothing to do with it. After the incident, Dyer got furious and ordered that Indian men would be beaten the moment they would come close to the range of the lathi or stick held by any English soldier while patrolling. He continued with his abuses and as a result, thousands of protectors gathered in the park on Baisakhi day to oppose his acts. What followed was a horrific episode of mass bloodbath that shook the nation.