33 Unknown Facts about Pompeii Destruction

19. A snapshot of ancient Roman life at Pompeii

Pompeii Volcano Eruption

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The buried and now found city of Pompeii offers a snapshot or a peek at how the ancient Romans lived. The whole excavated site is dotted with brothels, two theaters, a food market, restaurants, baths, houses, business centers, street fountains and an amphitheater, all of which hint towards the fact that the ancient Pompeiians lived a civilized life and were pretty liberal. The brothel excavated also bears the names of the prostitutes working there along with their skills and prices.

20. The adverse wind direction led to the fatalities

Pompeii Volcano Eruption

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Typically, a volcano, when erupting causes nothing like that it did to Pompeii. But, when Mount Vesuvius erupted, it caused such a great destruction that the whole city was buried and lost forever. That day, its suggested that the wind blew straight over Pompeii, a condition that threw molten rock and hot ash directly on everyone and everything. In usual conditions, most of the ash and pumice would have blown away with the wind, but on that day, it happened otherwise.

21. The inclusion of Pompeii in 1996 World Monuments Watch

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The site attracts millions of people each year who come to see the excavations that offer a peek into the lives of the ancient Romans. But, the treasure excavated from Pompeii has deteriorated over the years due to exposure to natural and human forces. Therefore, to tackle this problem, the World Monuments Fund inducted Pompeii into the World Monuments Watch in 1996. The same was repeated in 1998 and then in 2000.

22. A large sum of money to keep Pompeii preserved

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There are tons of thousands of preserved objects and buildings in Pompeii that need to be kept preserved, and for this at least $335 million are required. This is not a small sum to keep the City of Dead alive!

23. The estimates of deaths vary greatly

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Pompeii volcano eruption caused a tragedy that led to the burial of the whole city and the deaths of 2000 to 2500. But, the question rises here as to what was the actual count of dead people? Some estimates put the figure at 2500, while there are some that claim that the deaths crossed 10,000 and reached up to 25,000 in number. There are still hundreds of bodies that remain to be unearthed and there are no reliable estimates to put the figures accurately.

24. The revival of the neo-classicism after the excavation

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The discovery of Pompeii started the revival of neo-classicism in the 18th century during which the rich and affluent Romans families started to build fashionable buildings with erotic frescoed walls and artwork replicating scenes from the villas of Pompeii. The rich British families too started building Etruscan rooms that were quite similar to the Pompeiian villas. It became a trend for the rich to display recreated objects from the Pompeii ruins.

25. The most famous remain is the cast of a dog

Pompeii Facts about the Volcano Erupting

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The site is popular mostly for its preserved plastered bodies, of which the most famous is the plastered cast of a dog. The dog perhaps died while being chained and made a futile attempt to escape the wrath of the eruption. One can see it in its original posture and imagine the magnitude of the volcanic eruption.

26. There was no escape from the speeding molten lava

 Pompeii Volcano Eruption

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The people of Pompeii could not have escaped from the speeding molten lava expelled from the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. The lava must have reached a temperature of 1300 F and flowed at a speed of 110 kilometers per hour towards the city, engulfing everything that fell in its way.

Also Read: 13 Oldest and Ancient Civilizations of the World

27. The city was buried by rock and ash up to 6 meters deep

 Pompeii Volcano Eruption

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After Vesuvius erupted, it kept expelling heated ash, molten rocks and pumice for two consecutive days. This led to the burial of the city up to 20 feet in depth.