The earliest porcelain traces its roots back to the Shang dynasty (1600-1046 BC) and it matured during the Tang dynasty (618-906 AD). The early pieces of craft were not very well designed but paved the way for a magnificent future of porcelain. It was during the Song dynasty that porcelain production reached enormous heights due to its focus on shape and tactile experiences of gaze. This was in between 960 and 1279 AD. The much acclaimed Silk Road led this amazing invention to get in the hands and homes of people all around the world who still cherish it till this day for being a brilliant home décor accent.
You all know what Richter scale is and how a seismograph reveals the intensity and direction of an earthquake. What you may not have known is that the earliest known earthquake detector, a seismograph, was invented by Zhang Heng in 132 AD and is one of the most groundbreaking ancient Chinese inventions. Modern seismograph was developed in 1848 in Europe but Chinese were the first ever to use seismograph in 138 AD when an earthquake occurring thousands of kilometres away in Longxi was successfully detected.
No matter if Neil Armstrong was the first man to step on the moon as a citizen of the United States of America. The Chinese first invented rockets by applying counter force produced by ignited gunpowder. As per historical records, in 228 AD, the Wei State was using torches that were attached to arrows for guarding the supreme Chencang against invading armies of the Shu State. Later, the gunpowder was adapted by Song dynasty to make rockets. It was not really a sophisticated rocket that was first invented by the Chinese. The bow was launched by attaching a paper tube filled with gunpowder and setting it to fire. Too good a rocket that saves fuel! This invention led to display in cultures and fun activities and also for military purposes.
It is believed to be invented by the Chinese about 3000 years back in ancient times. The earliest kites were made of wood, called Muyuan meaning wooden kite. In early times, kites were used for sending messages across the forces and for signaling the presence of enemy in a specific territory. Slowly over time kite flying took over the world as a leisure and play activity. It is really hard to think that military men would get training to fly kites properly while also learning about weapon use.
This sounds really weird but it is true as per the historians that toothbrush is a Chinese invention. It was invented by attaching coarse horse hair to bone or bamboo handles and came into existence and was used in 1498 AD. Later on, the world came to know about it by the Europeans. It seems like a turn off to put coarse horse hair in mouth that is attached to a bone. Thankfully the toothbrushes have changed now.