The Red Fort was included in UNESCO’s list of world heritage sites in the year 2007. It served as the palatial residence of the Mughal royals for 200 years. The structure houses plenty of museums and is located in the heart of Delhi. Built during the reign of Shah Jahan, it is one of the best examples of Mughal architecture. It spreads over an area of 254.67 acres of land, and there were huge amounts of ornamentation used to beautify the fort. It is believed that the Kohinoor diamond was also used as one of the ornamentations.
Located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh the tomb of I’timad-Ud-Daulah is a mausoleum which is described as “Jewel box” and termed as “Baby Taj Mahal”. There are many outbuildings alongside the structure and has a surrounding garden. It was built between 1622 and 1628 and was made under the orders of Jahangir’s wife Noor Jahan. It was built for Noor Jahan’s father Mirza Ghiyaz Beg after his death. The structure is made of marbles and red sandstone which is typical of Mughal architecture.
The Haramsara is also located in Agra, and it is the place where the royal women resided. It is the opening to the Khwabgah side; the place was guarded by Eunuchs and faithful Rajput guards, to protect the royal highnesses. The architecture is fairly simple, and not as elaborate as other monuments built during the Mughal Empire.
Bibi ka Maqbara is located in Aurangabad, and it is a mini replica of the Taj Mahal. It was built by Azam Shah, who was the son of Aurangzeb. The Maqbara was made in the memory of Azam Shah’s mother Dilras Banu begum. The monuments striking resemblance with the beautiful Taj Mahal is the reason for its popularity. It is laid out in a Charbagh garden form; ornamented with minarets, the structure is in the shape of a hexagon.
No points for guessing that the best and the most popular example of Mughal Empire Architecture is the Taj Mahal. Built by Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz, it is often regarded as the symbol of love. Built on the banks of River Yamuna, the colossal structure took 22 years to build (1632-1653). It has elements of Islamic, Turkish and Persian architectural designs and is a universally admired monument. It was included in the list of UNESCO world heritage site in the year 1983. There is extensive use of white marble, which changes color throughout the day. Shah Jahan was also put to rest in the Taj mahal.
The Mughals were very keen in beautifying their surroundings. Mughal architecture has a variety of features which are very rare to find. The Mughals have a very positive impact on India; they have a major contribution in beautifying the country which today helps in attracting tourists.