The mighty Roman empire can be credited with developing some of the most innovative and scientific features in the field of architecture like aqueducts and baths. There is another notable discovery that the ancient Romans did and its known as the sewer system. Roman cities had underground sewage systems that collected all the waste and offered proper sanitary conditions for the people. One such sewer system that’s still in good condition is Cloaca Maxima, the portions of which are more than 2600 years old. This sewer system was built to divert water collected from storms and rains to the river Tiber. However, as time went by, it was used to deliver water to the drains of public toilets and baths. Since the Cloaca Maxima is still intact, some portions are still used for collecting storm water.
The world will always thank ancient Roman architecture that gifted it the marvels like sewer and aqueduct systems-features that are still used today for modern living. One among these features is the Roman amphitheater that was used by ancient Romans for organizing and hosting festivals, games and plays. However, the best preserved amphitheater is the one at Nimes. The amphitheater is located in the city of Colonia Nemausus, France. With the passage of time, this building had lost its shine and was used for dwelling by large number of locals, but, later on the encroached area was cleared of houses and was restored to its original condition in the 1800’s. Today, the venue is still used for holding concerts and festivals.
The Arch of Septimius Severus, built in 203 AD was constructed in pure white marble. It was constructed in the Roman Forum in remembrance of the Emperor Severus and two of his sons. The arch was a symbol of the emperor’s victory over the Parthians and is still standing in good condition, with inscriptions about the emperor’s son Caracalla still intact. However, the other son’s (Geta) name and inscriptions were removed from the arch by Caracalla who murdered Geta in 212 AD.
The Library of Celsus was once a part of the city of Ephesus, and is still visited by tourists that come here to experience its grandeur. Though, the body of the library was damaged, it was restored to its original glory in the 1970’s. The city of Ephesus once housed the famous Temple of Artemis that was destroyed in 401 AD by the disciples of archbishop of Constantinople, but, the mob couldn’t destroy the library and the Great Theater. The library of Celsus was built for two purposes. One was for using it as a tomb for the governor of Asia named Celsus, and another, for preserving 12,000 scrolls.
If you forget mentioning The Colosseum in the list of best preserved Roman monuments and buildings, then you are not doing justice! Yes, this is because this grand stadium is still very much accessible and has a portion that’s still standing. It was constructed during the reign of Emperor Vespasian from 70-80 AD and is regarded as Rome’s most popular attraction. It may not be known to some people that most portions of this columned building’s facade were looted by constructors to built other major constructions like St. Peter’s Basilica. The Colosseum was built in such a manner that its columns and arches paved way for smooth navigation inside. The stadium could seat 50,000 spectators at one time comfortably.