The Pettakere cave paintings at South Sulawesi, Indonesia, consist of hand stencils that are more than 37000 years old. They are among the oldest ancient paintings ever to be discovered. In the roof of the cave are 26 white and red handprints. These primitive stencils were made by placing the hand on the wall and blowing a mixture of water and red ochre around them that left a negative image on the rock.
These rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh, India, were known to local tribals, as mentioned in archaeological records back in 1888. But they were never considered as anything important. Later in 1957, archaeologist Vishnu Shridhar Wakankar, noticed the rock formations that were quite similar to what he had seen in France and Spain. The rock shelters contain several ancient paintings, the oldest ones being more than 30000 years old.
Located in northeast Brazil, the Serra da Capivara National Park is home to numerous ancient art paintings that include hunting, rituals, and trees. Scientists believe that some of the oldest ones were painted more than 25000 years ago. But it’s much disputed by many geneticists.
A mountain range in the Sahara, western Libya, Tadrart Acacus was once surrounded with forests and lakes, dating back to 12000 BC. Herds of wild animals roamed the area, as depicted in the rock paintings that depict elephants, ostriches and giraffes. The paintings were known for centuries to the nomadic sub-Saharan tribes that crossed the desert. Tadrart Acacus suffered vandalism during Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi’s rule from 1969 to 2011, largely because of the search for petroleum.
A French archaeological research team at the Laas Geel cave formations on the outskirts of Hargeisa, Somalia, discovered the cave paintings in a superb state of preservation, in November 2002. The ancient paintings are inscribed on solid rocks that depict both decorated cows and wild animals. The paintings also show herders who are believed to have created the paintings. The Laas Gee rock art follows a distinctive Ethiopian-Arabian style like the Karinhegane and Dhambalin cave paintings.
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