6. Parthenon, Greece
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It’s one of the most breathtaking historical monuments of the world. The ancient temple of Athena, is a testimony to the power of the ancient Greek civilization. The site provides a sweeping view of capital Athens and the adjacent ruins, among which, the whole buildings and temples are no less wondrous. Parthenon, for centuries, has been subject to vandalism and thefts and much of the building has been destroyed. Luckily, the structure still stands today, but with much support from the iron scaffolding. Truly, one of the iconic world monuments to visit in a lifetime.
7. Potala Palace, Tibet
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Situated in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, the imposing Potala Palace looks stunning against the backdrop of snow-capped mountains. It gets its name from Mount Potalaka. The palace was the official residence of Dalai Lama till the 1959 Tibetan uprising when the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, fled to Dharamsala, India. Construction of Potala Palace was started by the 5th Dalai Lama, Lozang Gyatso, in 1645. It lies between the Sera and Drepung monasteries and may have been built on the site of an earlier fortress called Red Palace. The Potala Palace is a museum today.
8. Alhambra, Spain
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Europe’s love letter to Moorish culture, the Alhambra is a place where leaves rustle, fountains trickle, and ancient spirits seem to linger. Part fort, part palace, part UNESCO World Heritage, and part study in medieval architecture, the Alhambra is frequented by thousands of visitors every year. The place was used as a barrack during Napoleon’s invasion and was almost blown up. What stands today is largely restored. Among the major historical monuments of Europe, Alhambra offers an unmatched view of the historic region of Granada.
9. Acropolis, Greece
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Acropolis Or the “sacred rock”, is among the top historical monuments of the world, and perhaps the most important reference point about the ancient Greek civilization and culture. Acropolis is a symbol of Athens itself because it represents the height of artistic development in Greece during 5th century BC. Greek civilization, during the Golden Age of Perikles, was represented in an unique way on the hills and many architectural masterpieces of that period were erected on the ground. Talk of world monuments and you can’t leave out Acropolis.
10. Taj Mahal, India
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Built entirely of marble in the 1600s, this magnificent building at Agra is believed to be a testament of undying love of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his chief consort Mumtaz Mahal. The tomb is a must-see for everyone. It was included in the UNESCO World Heritage list of monuments in 1983 and is also among the New Seven Wonders of the World. Around four million tourists visit the monument annually. There have been some recent restrictions on tourist entry to protect the site. Besides, air pollution has caused great damage to the marble.